Detailed Information on Hormone Replacement Therapy For Menopause
Menopause signifies the end of menstruation in the life of a woman. It happens because a woman’s ovary does not produce estrogen (a female sex hormone) and she stops ovulating (release of a mature egg every month). Menopause signals the end of the reproductive years in the life of a woman and it is a natural phenomenon in the life of a woman. Early menopause may be triggered due to stress, diet, age, and lifestyle changes.
Various Symptoms Reduced With HRT
In some cases, a menopausal woman may experience symptoms before and after menopause like mood swings, hot flashes, insomnia and vaginal dryness. It is possible to manage these symptoms with the help of lifestyle changes, exercising, diet changes, and also with the help of hormone therapy which is also called as HRT (hormone replacement therapy) or menopausal hormone therapy. This treatment is very effective to treat the symptoms associated with menopause.
A menopausal woman is benefitted by taking this therapy and the symptoms like night sweats, hot flashes, dryness in vagina, thinning of vaginal walls, bladder infections, urinary incontinence, pain, sleep disturbance, memory loss, reduced sex drive, mood swings, palpitations, hair loss dry and itchy eyes can be avoided.
This therapy involves the medication which contains the hormones which a woman’s body is not producing due to menopause. The menopause which occurs before the age of 40 is called as the “Premature Menopause” and it is recommended for these women to take this therapy until the average age of menopause (around 51 years) is reached.
Estrogen Therapy – A low dose of estrogen is recommended by the doctors for those women who have removed their uterus. The estrogen can be taken in different forms like pills, patch and this hormone is also available as a gel, vaginal ring or a spray.
Estrogen and Progesterone Therapy – It is also called as the combination therapy as it includes both the hormones estrogen and progesterone. It lowers the risk of cancer and helpful in treating menopausal symptoms like hot flashes.
Benefits Of HRT
- Diabetes – If the therapy is taken around menopause it reduces the risk of diabetes.
- Osteoporosis – It also helps in preventing the loss in bone density which occurs due to menopause.
- Bowel Cancer – HRT reduces the chances of having bowel cancer.
- Cardiovascular Disease – A woman is least likely to have cardiovascular disease if the therapy is taken around menopause.
In order to get relief from menopausal symptoms, it is always advisable to take this therapy. It is useful in decreasing the discomfort which a woman experiences after her periods have stopped. It avoids the risk of certain diseases which a woman may experience due to the early onset of menopause.