Deep Vein Thrombosis: Causes, Symptoms And More!
Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, happens when there is a blood clot in one (or more) of the deep veins. This can occur in any part of the body, although more common in legs. DVT may have some symptoms, but in many cases, there are no symptoms at all. Some medical conditions may influence the formation of blood clots, leading to DVT. It is necessary to seek deep vein thrombosis treatment, because a blood clot may travel in bloodstream, causing serious effects. Here are some more aspects worth knowing.
Know the symptoms
Most people with deep vein thrombosis have paid and swelling in one or both legs. The pain may feel like a cramp in the calf, and you can find considerable soreness. There can be discoloration of the skin, as well. Often, there are no symptoms at all. If deep vein thrombosis leads to pulmonary embolism, there can be other serious symptoms, such as breathlessness, pain/discomfort in the chest, fainting, and increased pulse rate.
Risk and causes
Anything that affects blood circulation can cause clotting. This could be related to a surgery, certain health conditions and reduced movement following a surgery. People who have inherited a blood-clotting conditions are more susceptible to deep vein thrombosis. Extended stay in the bed or paralysis can also increase the risk. Women can get DVT during pregnancy, because the pressure is higher on the veins. Clotting of blood is also affected by certain medications, such as birth control pills. People who are heavy smokers, are obese or history of heart failure are also at a higher risk. Crohn’s disease is also known to increase risk, while family history is a factor. While DVT can occur at any age, older people are more likely to suffer from it.
Treatment at a glance
The treatment for deep vein thrombosis depends on the exact location of the clot, and in most cases, the treatment can continue for a few months. Medications are often related to blood thinning, and doctors are likely to recommend compression stockings. Anticoagulants help in preventing the blood clot from growing further. With treatment in time, it is possible to reduce the complications related to DVT in the future.
Simple lifestyle changes like losing weight and having an active lifestyle can prevent deep vein thrombosis. If you have a family history of DVT or blood-clotting conditions, talk to your doctor in detail and seek suggestions.